Nītiśatakam is one of the most famous didactic kāvyas of Sanskrit. Many of its verses are hugely popular, quoted often even by those who have studied Sanskrit only minimally. Though not much is known about the personal history of its author, Bhartṛhari, he has attained immortality through his triad of centuries – the Nīti, śṛṅgāra and vairāgya śatakas, respectively dealing with the themes of Conduct, Romance and Renunciation.
The Nītiśatakam is divided into ten sections, named by the author as ‘paddhati’s. They are the mūrkha-paddhati, vidvat-paddhati, mānaśaurya-paddhati, artha-paddhati, durjana-paddhati, sujana-paddhati, paropakāra-paddhati, dhairya-paddhati, daiva-paddhati and karma-paddhati. Each paddhati has ten verses. Thus, the total number of verses in the Nītiśatakam comes to 100. However, there are many variant readings for this text, the result of which there are nearly 130 verses which are ascribed to the Nītiśatakam in various editions. The current course follows the verses and order of the Nirnay Sagar publication of 1914.
This course comprises of audio lectures by Ms. Visalakshi Sankaran, one of the most popular teachers of this portal. Her exposition of various kāvyas are all characterised by her trademark passion for the language and its literature, lucidity of explanation and brilliance in bringing out the essence of the verses in simple terms.
We thank Ms. Visalakshi Sankaran for permitting Vyoma-Samskrta-Pathasala to share these valuable resources with our students.